climate nutrition resources


Myers, Samuel. Climate Change is Sapping Nutrients from Our Food — and It Could Become a Global Crisis. Harvard University Center for the Environment, August 2019.

Stevens, Harry. You’re not crazy. Spring is getting earlier. The Washington Post, March 13, 2024.

Wright, Kassidy. Climate Change’s Impact on the Nutritional Value of Food. the momentum, accessed Jan. 2024.


Chunwu Zhu et al. Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels this century will alter the protein, micronutrients, and vitamin content of rice grains with potential health consequences for the poorest rice-dependent countries. Science Advances, 2018. 

Dong, Jinlong et al. Effects of Elevated CO2 on Nutritional Quality of Vegetables: A Review. Frontiers in Plant Science, August 2018.

We conducted a meta-analysis using 57 articles consisting of 1,015 observations and found that eCO2 increased the concentrations of fructose, glucose, total soluble sugar, total antioxidant capacity, total phenols, total flavonoids, ascorbic acid, and calcium in the edible part of vegetables by 14.2%, 13.2%, 17.5%, 59.0%, 8.9%, 45.5%, 9.5%, and 8.2%, respectively, but decreased the concentrations of protein, nitrate, magnesium, iron, and zinc by 9.5%, 18.0%, 9.2%, 16.0%, and 9.4%. The concentrations of titratable acidity, total chlorophyll, carotenoids, lycopene, anthocyanins, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, copper, and manganese were not affected by eCO2.

Gomez-Zavaglia A, et al. Mitigation of emerging implications of climate change on food production systems. Food Res Int. August 2020.

Liu S, et al. Zinc Homeostasis: An Emerging Therapeutic Target for Neuroinflammation Related Diseases. Biomolecules. February 2023.

Loladze I. Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO₂depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition. Elife. May 2014.

Macdiarmid JI, et al. Nutrition from a climate change perspective. Proc Nutr Soc.August 2019. (Abstract.)

Semba RD, et al. The Potential Impact of Climate Change on the Micronutrient-Rich Food Supply. Advances in Nutrition. February 2022.

Taub, D. “Effects of rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide on plants.” Nature Education Knowledge 1.8 (2010).


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